HomeContributorsFundamental AnalysisMain Focus Will Go to Fed Chair Powell's Testimony Before the Senate

Main Focus Will Go to Fed Chair Powell’s Testimony Before the Senate


US investors returned from a long weekend and immediately left a stamp on trading. Especially equity markets were in good shape. Main indices jumped between 2.15-2.51%. European equities had to settle for <1%. The improved sentiment filtered through in core bond markets. US Treasuries underperformed German Bunds in a catch-up move. The US curve steepened by adding 1.6 bps at the front-end (2y) to 5.7 bps further out (20y). German yields rose 2.2-3.4 bps in the 10y-30y bucket. Both closed at a new cycle high. Peripheral spreads vs. Germany’s 10y continued to narrow for the likes of Italy (-3 bps) and Greece (-10 bps) amid excitement for the ECB’s yet-unknown new anti-fragmentation policy tool. The Japanese yen felt pressure from global sentiment and the BoJ sticking to its easing guns. USD/JPY surpassed the 135 resistance zone (2002 top) to close at 136.57, the highest in 24 (!) years. EUR/USD enjoyed a decent bid but lost momentum as (US) trading developed. The pair closed a little higher at 1.053. Bank of England chief economist Pill said he’s willing to sacrifice growth to cut inflation. It’s posing sterling for a difficult trade-off between tempting interest rates (Gilts underperformed yesterday) but an increasingly gloomier economic picture. EUR/GBP simply decided to stay put (close at 0.858, unchanged).The Asian stock bounce yesterday already goes into reverse today. We’ve seen no specific trigger or concrete news, confirming our view of a sell-on-upticks market. South Korea is lagging with losses amounting to 3.5%. Core bonds, the dollar and the Japanese yen attract safe haven bids. The trade-weighted greenback (DXY) advances to 104.70. USD/JPY gives up a slight part of yesterday’s gains. EUR/JPY (142.95) changes course after hitting the 144 resistance area/cycle high yesterday.EMU consumer confidence (June) is due today but the main focus will go to Fed chair Powell’s testimony before the Senate. The text released on Friday highlighted the Fed’s “unconditional” commitment to restore price stability. We don’t expect the tone before Congress to differ much from that or from the policy meeting last week. The actual grilling by Congress members could be interesting though. Will political attention already shift a bit from growth or is it too soon with surging prices dominating the political discourse going into the November mid-terms? Whatever the outcome, risk sentiment will probably prove the market theme for today anyway. UK inflation in May couldn’t be more close to expectations, coming in at 0.7% m/m to be up 9.1% y/y, slightly higher than last month (9%). Core inflation edged down a bit more than anticipated, to 5.9%. The numbers justify last week’s message by the BoE to raise rates faster if needed.

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Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio on Tuesday announced that he’s leaving the 5-Star Movement. He will form a new parliamentary group. The split in the 5SM comes as the party is internally highly divided on the support of Italy for Ukraine. 5SM leader Conte recently became ever more critic on Italy sending weapons to the country. At the same time, Di Maio doesn’t want to break ranks with PM Draghi’s supportive policy towards Ukraine. There is growing speculation recently that Conte wants the 5SM to leave the government coalition as the party is losing support in the opinion polls, but the party yesterday dismissed this. It is unsure how many how many 5SM members will join Di Maio. For now the split doesn’t cause an immediate danger to the majority of PM Draghi’s government. Even so, it is not good news for the stability of the coalition ahead of next year’s elections.

US existing home sales data yesterday provided a mixed picture. Sales dropped for the fourth consecutive month (3.4% M/M) to the lowest level since June 2020 as mortgage interest rates continue to rise. At the same time, the median average selling price for the first time rose a record north of $400 000 (+14.8% y/y). Higher prices and higher mortgage rates are making houses less affordable for new buyers. At the same time, prices still are supported by a very low inventory levels of houses for sale. Earlier this month housing starts and building permits data already showed a loss of momentum.

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