IMF lowered Japan’s GDP growth forecasts in 2019 to 0.8%, down from 0.9%. It expects growth to slow further to 0.5% in 2020. IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva urged that “strengthening the effectiveness of coordination between monetary and fiscal policy remains a high priority” for the country.

She added, “fiscal policy should be supportive to protect near-term growth and promote inflation momentum”. Also, “beyond the short-run, a clear commitment to long-term fiscal sustainability is essential.” On monetary policy, IMF called on BoJ to maintain support for the economy. It suggested BoJ to shift 0% yield target on 10-year JGB to a shorter maturity, and cut back its buying of long tern government bonds. Such action could steepen the yield curve and help financial institutions’ profitability.

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