Dollar rebounds in early US session as boosted by solid economic data. Initial jobless claims dropped 15k to 243k in the week ended October 7, as impacts of hurricanes faded. That's also notably better than expectation of 253k. Four week moving average of initial claims also dropped 9.5k to 257.5k. Continuing claims dropped 32k to 1.89m, hitting lowest in 44 years since 1973. Headline PPI rose 0.4% mom, 2.6% yoy in September, up from 0.2% mom and 2.4% yoy in August, met expectations. Core CPPI rose 0.4% mom and 2.2% yoy, up from 0.1% mom and 2.0% in August, and beat expectation of 0.2% mom, 2.0% yoy. The set of data helps greenback regains some of yesterday's post FOMC minutes losses.
US equities surged to new records while Dollar was pressured as markets perceived FOMC minutes released as slightly dovish ones. DOW rose 42.21 pts or 0.18% to close at 22872.89. S&P 500 rose 4.6 pts or 0.18% to close at 2555.24. Both were new record highs. 10 year yield was flat though at 2.345. Dollar index dipped to as low as 92.89 and breach of 92.94 near term support now suggests more downside in near term. Gold hits as high as 1297.9 in Asian session and is set to take on 1300 handle, comparing to last week's low at 1262.8. That is consistent with Dollar's weakness this week. Meanwhile, Sterling and Euro remain the strongest ones for the week so far, Yen trails behind Dollar as the second weakest.
The FOMC minutes for the September meeting anchored the Fed's stance to hike policy rate for one more time this year. While the views on economic growth developments remained broadly unchanged from previous meetings, the members appeared more concerned over the inflation outlook. The minutes included detailed discussions on the impacts hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria. Yet, they were expected to have limited impacts on US growth and inflation. The market has priced in almost 90% chance of a rate hike in December. The bet shows little change after the release of the minutes.
Dollar stays generally weak today as markets await September FOMC minutes. The key takeaway of that FOMC meeting was that policymakers stick to the plan to raise interest rate one more time this year. And they projected to hike three more times next year. Markets pricing for December hike jumped sharply since then. Fed fund futures are implying 93.1% odds for that. Core inflation projection for 2017 and 2018 were revised slightly lower. But core inflation forecasts for 2019 and 2020 were kept unchanged. The accompanying statement and economic projections suggested that Fed was not too concerned with recent slowdown in core inflation. And that was being reflected in the overall tone of comments of Fed officials so far. Markets will look into more details on how comfortable the policy makers are on inflation outlook. But overall, we're not expecting anything revealing from the minutes.
Dollar is trading generally lower, together with treasury yield, as weighed down by uncertainty over tax overhaul. Dollar index breached 94.14 resistance briefly last week but it's now back at 93.30. Similarly, 10 year yield breached 2.396 resistance last week but is back at 2.345. On the other hand, Euro remains broadly firm as Catalonia risk has eased at least for now. EUR/USD is having 1.1832 near term resistance in sight. This level will be closely watched and break there will probably trigger steeper selloff in Dollar and spread to other pairs.
Euro's rebound continues today as supported by solid German data. There is some uncertainty ahead as Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont is set to address the regional parliament at 1600GMT. For the moment, Catalonia is seen as the major near term risk limiting Euro's strength. On the background, recent comments from ECB officials are affirming the case of the announcement of stimulus recalibration later in the month. Meanwhile, Dollar is clearly losing upside momentum at the point. There is much upside potential for Euro in near term after getting past Catalan risk, one way or the other.
Euro trades broadly higher as lifted by comments from ECB officials that affirm the expectation of some sort of tapering in asset purchases next year. Catalonia remains a risk to the common currency but the case for independence seem to be fading. The risk is taking a back seat for the moment. Meanwhile, Sterling also recovers together with Euro as Prime Minister Theresa May seems to be safe from being ousted for now. Dollar, on the other hand, is trading generally lower together with the Japanese Yen.
British pound's post-BOE rally has more than evaporated over the past two weeks. Political uncertainties and the lack of progress in Brexit negotiations are the key reasons driving sterling lower. Despite mounting pressure on PM Theresa May to step down, we believe it would be hard to materialize as there lacks charismatic leaders within the Conservative Party and the move might trigger a snap election and a Labor government. Progress of Brexit talks has remained slow. The next round of talk in Phase I would begin this week, amidst EU Parliament's overwhelming vote that previous talks has not brought sufficient progress. EU member states are due to vote next week to decide whether the talk can progress to the next phase. It is getting likely that BOE would increase the Bank rate by +25 bps in November. However, we do not consider this as the beginning of a tightening cycle as UK's macroeconomic developments remains fragile.
Dollar regains some ground as another week starts, rather quietly. Trading could be subdued with US and Canada on Columbus Day holiday today. The greenback weaken before the weekly close last Friday on news that North Korea is preparing to strike another missile that could reach as far as the West Coast of the US. President Donald Trump tweeted again during the weekend, saying that with "agreements violated before the ink was dry, makings fools of U.S. negotiators. Sorry, but only one thing will work!" But Trump didn't go on to explain what is that "only one thing". Last Thursday, Trump also told reporters that a gathering of top military officials represented the "calm before the storm" And he refused to elaborate after be asked to. But judging from the reactions from the markets today, no one will care what those words means unless the intentions are spelt out clearly.
Dollar ended as the strongest major currency last week as economic data released affirmed a December Fed hike. The surprised contraction in non-farm payroll was offset by strong wage growth. However, the greenback pared back some of its gain on resurgence on North Korea risk. On the other hand, the British Pound suffered broad based heavy selling as there were increasing calls for Prime Minister Theresa May to step down, in the crucial time of trade negotiations with the world. In spite of political uncertainties in Catalonia, Euro showed much resilience and ended the week mixed only. North Korea, Catalonia, Theresa May, Japan election, are the key things to watch ahead. Politics might overshadow economic data again.
Dollar spikes higher in early US session even though the headline Non-Farm Payrolls number is a big disappointment. NFP dropped -33K in September, first contraction seen since 2010. That's also much worse than expectation of 77K. However, it should be noted that the figure was skewed heavily by the impact of hurricanes Harvey and Irma. And the markets seem not to be to bothered by it. Unemployment rate dropped to 4.2%, down from 4.4%, lowest since December 2000. Participation rate also increased to 63.1%, up from 62.9%. The most positive surprise is wage growth. Average hourly earnings jumped 0.5% mom. While wage growth could also be inflated by the hurricanes, it beats an also optimistic expectation of 0.3% mom already.
Dollar traders broadly higher today and remains as the strongest major currency for the week. The greenback is boosted by news that US President Donald Trump's administration is finally moving a procedural step on the tax plan. Optimism was also seen in the stocks markets as DOW, S&P 500 and NASDAQ all extended the record runs. Elsewhere, Sterling remains the weakest one for the week as troubled by political uncertainties in UK, and weak economic data. Nonetheless, Australian Dollar is sold off sharply in Asian session after RBA board member Ian Harper said he won't rule out a rate cut.
Fresh, broad based selling is seen in Sterling today and the currency staying as the weakest one for the week. Political uncertainty seems to be a main driver. Talks of UK Prime Minister Theresa May being ousted by her own party members surface. That comes after May's keynote speech at the Conservative Party Conference yesterday. And the occasion was overshadowed by her coughing as a prankster storming the stage.
Volatility in Japanese financial markets is set to intensify as the snap election for the parliament (Lower House), scheduled on October 22, approaches. Our base case is that PM Shinzo Abe's LDP would remain the biggest party. He would continue to be the leader of the LDP/Komeito coalition in the new term. However, the rapid rise of the new party Kibo no To (Party of Hope), led by Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike, might result in a decrease in number of seats for LDP. This, together with the decline in Abe's approval rating, has created much uncertainty in the upcoming election.
Dollar trades mildly firmer in Asian session today but there is still no follow through buying in listless trading. The greenback is still limited below key near term resistance levels against Swiss Franc, Yen and Aussie. While the Aussie trades mildly softer after weak retail sales, it's staying as the strongest one for the week so far. Euro is attempting a rebound but the strength is limited by growing tensions in Catalonia. Meanwhile, Sterling was given some support after yesterday's service data. But there is no sign of a sustainable rebound yet.
Dollar remains generally soft today after job data comes in slightly below expectation. ADP report shows 135k growth in private sector jobs in September, slightly below consensus of 140k. Prior month's figure was revised from from 237k to 228k. For the week, the greenback is trading as the second strongest, next to Aussie. But it's pointed out in out earlier report that Dollar struggles to power through key near term resistance against Yen, Swiss Franc and Aussie. Elsewhere, Sterling attempts a recovery after better than expected PMI services but there is no follow through buying seen. In other markets, Gold is trying to regain 1280 after dipping to as low as 1271 earlier this week. WTI crude oil is trying to dry support from 50 after last week's steep selloff.
While major US indices extended their record run overnight, Dollar is lagging behind and is turning soft today. DOW closed up 0.37% at 22641.67, S&P 500 up 0.22% at 2534.58, NASDAQ up 0.23% at 6531.71. 10 year yield jumped to 2.361 but pared gain to close down -0.003 at 2.334. Technically, there are a few points to noted. USD/CHF struggled to stand above 0.9772 key near term resistance. USD/JPY also struggles to take out a medium term channel resistance. Meanwhile, AUD/USD also cannot sustain below 0.7807 key support. It's early to tell if Dollar is completing it's near term rebound, but risk is increasing.
Euro recovers broadly today as markets are looking past the political turmoil in Spain, with focus back on ECB and economic outlook. European markets, except Spain, are steady with Germany on holiday. At the same time, thousands of people protest in Barcelona against police violence during the referendum on Catalonia independence on Sunday. The European parliament will be holding a special session on the issue tomorrow and European commission spokesman Margaritis Schinas urged that "violence can never be an instrument in politics". Elsewhere, Sterling is trading as one of the weakest one today after shockingly bad construction data. Dollar stays firm but struggles to find follow through buying.
PBOC announced to adopt targeted RRR cut in 2018 in some banks to 'encourage inclusive financing, such as credit support for small and micro-sized enterprises (SMEs), startups and agricultural production, as well as small business owners, impoverished groups and students. All of the large and medium sized commercial banks, 90% of municipal commercial banks, and 95% of agriculture commercial banks are eligible for this measure. Banks with inclusive financing exposure higher than 1.5% of loans would be eligible for 50 bps RRR cut from benchmark ratios. Banks with exposure higher than 10% would qualify for additional 100 bps RRR cut. We believe the move is a fine-tuning of PBOC's other tightening measures, rather than a shift towards a loosening monetary stance. Indeed, by choosing a targeted RRR cut, instead of a broad-based cut or a rate reduction, the central bank is sending a signal that it has not changed the monetary policy stance which remains 'prudent and neutral”.
RBA left the cash rate unchanged at 1.5% in September. The accompanying statement contained few changes from the previous one. This perhaps explains the modest drop in Aussie after the release, as the market had expected a more hawkish message. The central bank is upbeat over the economic developments, hinging on the improving non-mining investment. Policymakers also acknowledged the strength in the job market, pointing to the rise in participation rate as well as a number of forward-looking indicators. Comments on the exchange rate were limited, with the central bank reiterating the impact of a strong Aussie on inflation, GDP growth and employment. We expect the central bank to keep the policy rate unchanged until 2H18.